119 Concord Place
Syracuse, New York
Phone/Fax: 315-471-5854

Special Topics

Evergreen Identification

Pine (Pinus)

White pine can grow well over one hundred feet tall in Central New York landscapes!At least a half-dozen of the more than ninety species of pine (Pinus) world-wide can be found in Central New York landscapes. They range in size from the most dwarf of the mugo pines (e.g., Pinus mugho `Gnom' and `Mops') to our towering, native white pine (P. strobus), at right!

While tips for identifying the specific species of pine found growing in Central New York landscapes will be addressed in the future, as a group (genus) they’re very easy to distinguish from other conifers.

Wrapped in a protective sheath, pine needles are grouped in "bundles" of two, three or five needles.First, they're the only conifer that has needles  "bundled" together in groups of two (mugo, Scotch and Austrian pines), occasionally three, or five (white pine), at left.

They’re also the only conifers that set buds only at the very tips of If you prune pine trees and shrubs between late July and mid-May, you'll remove their dormant buds.the current season's growth when it finishes elongating between mid-July and mid-August. This trait results in the development of distinct "whorls" of branches that mark the extent of each year's growth.